Shire-reeve, more familiarly, a sheriff. -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Reeve — (auch Bailif , deutsch Vogt , frz. Bailiare ) ist ein englischer Familienname. Er stammt aus dem normannisch geprägten England, wo der Reeve ein Vertreter des Earl (Graf) war, der Verwalter, Steuereintreiber und Schöffe (Ankläger und Richter)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • High reeve — In Northumbria, a high ranking nobleman, below an *ealdorman but equivalent to a *hold; in southern England, a royal official (Lat. summus praepositus) exercising some of the functions of an ealdorman, but without the rank. Cf. Reeve; Scir reeve; …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • sheriff — (n.) late O.E. scirgerefa representative of royal authority in a shire, from scir (see SHIRE (Cf. shire)) + gerefa chief, official, reeve (see REEVE (Cf. reeve)). In Anglo Saxon England, the representative of royal authority in a shire. As an… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Англосаксонский период — Реконструкция шлема погребённого в Саттон Ху короля Восточной Англии (ок. 625 г.) Англосаксонский период  эпоха в истории Великобритании, начавшаяся в …   Википедия

  • sheriff — noun Etymology: Middle English shirreve, from Old English scīrgerēfa, from scīr shire + gerēfa reeve more at shire, reeve Date: before 12th century an important official of a shire or county charged primarily with judicial duties (as executing… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sheriff — sher·iff n [Old English scīrgerēfa, from scīr shire + gerēfa reeve (king s agent)]: an official of a county or parish charged primarily with judicial duties (as executing the processes and orders of courts and judges) Merriam Webster’s Dictionary …   Law dictionary

  • Sheriff — Chief officer in a shire, i.e. the shire *reeve , representing the crown as its executive before the *Norman Conquest. The English office was amalgamated with that of the Norman vicomte (Lat. = vicecomes) after 1066. William I separated secular… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • SHERIFF — SHERI Fonctionnaire royal en Angleterre, dans les territoires dépendants et en Écosse. La fonction existe dès l’époque anglo saxonne et a été étendue, après la conquête, dans toute l’Angleterre; elle est ensuite créée en Irlande et au Pays de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • shérif — [ ʃerif ] n. m. • chérif 1601; angl. sheriff, littéralt « premier magistrat (reeve) du comté (shire) » 1 ♦ En Angleterre, Magistrat responsable de l application de la loi dans un comté. 2 ♦ Aux États Unis, Officier d administration élu, chargé du …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • sheriff — [OE] A sheriff is etymologically a ‘shirereeve’ – that is, a ‘county official’. The term was compounded in the Old English period from scīr, ancestor of modern English shire, and gerēfa ‘local official’, a word based on *rōf ‘assembly’ which… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

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